The views of stakeholders

Forced labor in the world: Status extracts places on forced labor in different countries


  • International Labour Organization (ILO)


"Human trafficking became a serious problem in Vietnam in the mid-1990's when women and children were taken to China and Cambodia for arranged marriages or sexual exploitation (or sent from rural to urban areas within the country to fuel the prostitution industry). As a result, there is now an organised network of human traffickers who deceive victims with promises of a better life, employment, high salaries, or marriages to rich men. Upon arrival in the foreign destination many of the victims find themselves indebted to the trafficker and this debt forces the victims to dependancy. As exploitation is the principal element of human trafficking victims often then find themselves undertaking forced labour to repay their debts. Children are particularly vulnerable to the deceptive nature of human traffickers."


  • Fair Labor Association (FLA)


"Migrant workers [pay] Significant sums of money in advance (often to origin---country brokers, who work closely with Malaysian Outsourcing firms), mortgaging homes and property, and taking loans from underground lenders (loan---sharks), in order to migrate for work in Malaysia. Facing extremely high interest rates and financial pressure on their families, they are fearful and easy to intimidate, and desperate to earn money to repay their debts in the origin country."


  • Irene Fernandez (NGO Tenaganita)


"It is common practice for employers (whether labour recruitment companies or factories where the migrant works) to seize migrant workers' passports. This restricts migrant workers' ability to move as it is forbidden for them to be in the street undocumented."


  • International Trade Union Confederation (ITUC)


"Employers often confiscate migrant workers' passports to make sure they do not leave the country before the end of their contract, even if the terms of the contract are violated. Withholding passports has been illegal since 2009 if it exceeds the time needed to obtain a residence permit, but the local press reported, in March, the results of a survey among Asian migrants: 88% of them said they had had to hand their passport over to their employer."


  • Amnesty International

"Following their release, Abdullah al-Khawar and Salem al-Kawari alleged that while detained without charge or trial as security suspects in 2011, they were beaten, suspended by their limbs and made to remain standing for hours at a time, deprived of sleep, held in solitary confinement in tiny cells, and subjected to cold temperatures for long periods while interrogators sought to obtain "confessions" from them. The authorities took no steps to investigate their allegations or bring the perpetrators to justice."


  • U.S Department of State


"Many of these workers fall victim to labour trafficking by unscrupulous brokers and employers, who force workers to perform work outside the scope of their contract and often under exploitative conditions. (...) Some women and girls from China and Southeast Asian countries are lured to Taiwan through fraudulent marriages and deceptive employment offers for purposes of sex trafficking and forced labour."


  • Human rights Watch (HRW)

"India, the world's most populous democracy, has significant human rights problems despite making commitments to tackle some of the most prevalent abuses. The country has a thriving civil society, free media, and an independent judiciary. But corruption and lack of accountability for abusive practices foster human rights violations. Government initiatives, including police reform and improved access to health care and education, are poorly implemented. Women, children, and minority groups are marginalized. Abuses committed by security forces in Jammu and Kashmir go unpunished. Resource extraction and infrastructure projects often have deleterious environmental and economic impacts, and may infringe upon the rights of affected communities."


  • China Labour Watch

"CLW claimed Pegatron was winning business from Foxconn because its factories all "use the labour violation advantage". Among other things, this meant forcing employees to do overtime, and in some cases threatening to withdraw it for a month if they refused to work whenever asked to. Average working weeks were 66 hours, with six 11-hour days. Twenty minutes of that day was unpaid; the rest was $1.50 (£1) an hour before overtime. That is less than half the average local monthly income of $764 and far below the basic living wage in Shanghai. Conscious of the rules on overtime, managers forced workers to sign forms showing their hours were less than the actual levels, the report alleged."


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