International labour standards on forced labor

  • Forced Labour Convention, 1930 (No. 29) - [ratifications]
    The full title of which is the Convention Concerning Forced or Compulsory Labour, 1930 (No.29), is one of 8 fundamental International Labor Organization conventions. This Convention commits parties to prohibit the use of forced labour, admitting only five exceptions to it. Its object and purpose is to suppress the use of forced labour in all its forms irrespective of the nature of the work or the sector of activity in which it may be performed. The Convention defines forced labour as "all work or service which is exacted from any person under the menace of any penalty and for which the said person has not offered himself voluntarily".
  • Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, 1957 (No. 105) - [ratifications]
    The full title of which is Convention concerning the Abolition of Forced Labour, 1957 (No. 105), is one of the 8 fundamental International Labor Ortanization, which cancels certain forms of forced labour still allowed under the Forced Labour Convention of 1930, such as punishment for strikes and as a punishment for holding certain political views.

In order to implement the 1930 Forced Labour Convention and the 1957 Abolition of Forced Labour Convention, the Special Action Programme to Combat Forced Labour was set up.

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  • 11 June 2014 : ILO adopts new Protocol to tackle modern forms of forced labour
    A new legally binding ILO Protocol on Forced Labour aims to advance prevention, protection and compensation measures, as well as to intensify efforts to eliminate contemporary forms of slavery.

Learn more about this protocol