Forced labor is a global phenomenon that affects all regions, countries and economic sectors. However, certain categories of workers are more vulnerable to coercion than others.
- Women and girls (55% of victims of forced labor)
- Children (26% of victims of forced labor)
- Migrant workers, especially those in irregular situations
- Migrant workers
- Workers employed in informal enterprises (including those working at home and in geographically isolated areas)
- Unskilled or illiterate who are not always aware of their rights
- Workers suffering from almost always discrimination (indigenous workers in Latin America ...)
With globalization and the development of outsourcing, the situation of migrant workers in the supply chain has become a subject of growing concern in the last decade, both for businesses and the general public. Emerging economies have indeed become increasingly attractive to migrant workers that migration in industrialized countries.
According to a recent study, the South-South migration flows represent a significant proportion employed workers leaving their home country.
For example, in India, the figures speak for themselves with 362,591 Indians who migrated to Jordan, 139,716 to Malaysia to Oman 79,825, 71,421 to the United Arab Emirates; and Bangladesh, 64,764 have migrated to Jordan, 58,878 to Malaysia to Oman 11968, 24041 in the United Arab Emirates.