Forced labour in Romania

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Romania is a source, transit, and destination country for men, women, and children subject to forced labour. Romanian men, women, and children are subjected to forced labour in agriculture, domestic services, hotels, and manufacturing, as well as forced in begging and theft activities in European countries.

Children are likely to represent at least one-third of Romanian trafficking victims. A large proportion of the children forced in begging in Western European countries were Romanian victims of Roma ethnicity. Traffickers who recruit and exploit Romanian citizens are increasingle of Romanian nationality, typically seeking victims from the same ethnic group and/or within their own families.

Due to illegal migration, identifying forced labour in Romania is very complex.  As of today however, Romania tends to remain a country of origin and transit, rather than a destination country.

Despite the fact that the Government of Romania does not fully comply with the minimum standards for the elimination of trafficking, it is making significant efforts to do so. The government continues to identify a large number of victims and seeks to coordinate a national referral mechanism whereby victims are sent to the appropriate social care institutions.